Role of Editors in Reviewing Process
Role of journal editors in reviewing and approving
The Editor (s) should normally check the articles to see if they meet the minimum criteria for publication in the journal. This will ensure that some articles are rejected without being sent out to review and additional work for reviewers. In general, an Editor is looking for essential characteristics in an article in order to maintain the quality of the journal. Examples are:
The author has clearly read the aims and scope of the journal because the article meets that requirement It should be well written in the language of the journal with a good abstract in both English and specific language (non-English language journals) and the same in English language journals.
In either journals it is important to make the article easy to read without complicated language. It should fit with the aims and scope of the journal and where possible it offers new knowledge and research findings (This will be dependent of the journal).
If it has good reviews from the reviewer with constructive comments for revision (very few articles are accepted without some required revision) it is expected that the authors will consider these comments and revise accordingly.
The article should not have any unethical publishing nor unethical research practices (see: http://www.elsevier.com/ethics/toolkit for factsheets on plagiarism, salami slicing, research fraud, duplicate submission,authorship and conflict of interest).
If it is a research article the authors should have included both an ethics statement regarding permission for the research to be conducted but also if human subjects involved it is also important to include a statement concerning protecting of research participants
It is expected as good practice that when authors submit their articles for review that a letter should accompany that article which states that all the authors are in agreement with the submission and that the paper is not being sent to another journal nor has it been published anywhere.
It is good practice to ensure that authors have considered all the author guidelines for the journal in relation to the article structure and content
To offer expertise in their specialist area
To review submitted manuscripts
To advise on journal policy and scope
To work with the Editor to ensure ongoing development of the journal
To identify topics for Special Issues of the journal or recommend a Conference which would promote the journal , which they might also help to organize and/or guest edit
To attract new and established authors and article submissions
To submit some of their own work for consideration, ensuring that they adhere to Conflict of Interest rules and stating their relationship to the journal. This is very important as the journal cannot be seen to publish only papers from members of the Editorial Board.